As a result of industrialization, environmental problems and pollution, which is the undisputed biggest problem of today, threaten the sustainability of the world we are in, have become more noticeable. At first, environmental problems, which were perceived only as pollution and which had local characteristics without gaining international dimension, increased rapidly day by day and became the problem of the whole world. At this point, environmental standards and national and international legal regulations on environment have been put into practice in order to reduce the harm caused by humanity to the environment. In this context, the standard series published by the International Standards Organization (ISO) for the protection of the environment is called the ISO 14000 series.
ISO has set its Environmental Management System standards for the first time in 1996. ISO 2004: 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate is given to the related organizations in the certification studies made for this system in 2004.
Businesses have to use one or more environmental resources in their production activities. Environmental wastes are generated after the production process. Failure to pay attention to the environment during and after production, the destruction of the natural environment, and the environmental pollution created are increasingly threatening human life and quality of life.
In order to avoid these negative situations, ISO 14001 ensures that production is carried out by taking into consideration the environmental impacts in every step from the first stage of the product to the consumer. ISO 14001; It is an international standard that defines the process of controlling and improving the environmental performance of a company. In fact, the main purpose of this standard is to reduce the use of natural resources during the activities of the organizations and to determine the activities to be done in order to minimize the damages to the soil, air and water and to the environment in short.
In fact, to summarize the system briefly, the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System provides guidance for the identification of environmental impacts in various processes from the raw material to the presentation of the product to the customer. standards.
Companies that integrate the Environmental Management System into their businesses and ensure that it is applied correctly can obtain the certificate of this system by applying to an accredited certification institution within the country or internationally. Certification bodies conduct the necessary audits through the auditors they will appoint and issue ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate if the necessary conditions are met.
In addition to all the issues mentioned here, another important point to be considered is that an organization is applying the Environmental Management System standards and has obtained ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Certificate to prove its status, the laws, regulations and all kinds of laws issued by the relevant environmental ministry. does not mean that it fully meets the legislation. This document does not indicate that an organization has fulfilled the relevant environmental legal provisions in all its production or services. These issues depend on the permits and licenses to be obtained from the institutions authorized by the relevant environmental ministry.
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